A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon

By Christopher Corèdon

An curiosity within the center a long time frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a notice or time period which isn't understood or purely imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of genuine support to common readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of way of life. Latin was once the language of the church, legislations and executive, and plenty of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are often present in smooth books of background of the interval; equally, the proper that means of outdated English and center English phrases may well elude trendy reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the foundation and evolution of a observe provides a greater knowing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this present day, an extra relief to clarifying that means.

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The chief relic of Waltham Abbey, a life-size crucifix. A new church was consecrated in 1060, its chief patron being Harold Godwineson, later King Harold II. It was said that when Harold visited Waltham on his way from the Battle of Stamford Bridge to Hastings in 1066, the figure of Christ bowed its head in sorrow, having foresight of the king’s death. One fable also had it that Harold was secretly buried at the abbey. Bladesmith. A smith who specialised in every kind of blade. Blanc. Silver coin minted in France by Henry V, worth 5d.

L barba = beard] – Cf. Beaver Bard 1. Armour for a knight’s horse, covering both breast and flanks; sometimes mail was used; also the decorative material, often velvet, covering the same parts of the animal’s body. ) [< Ar. bard’a = saddle cloth, a saddle with stuffing] – Cf. Chamfron; Coopertus; Destrier Bard 2 [bardings]. Her. A horse’s trappings, sometimes with the owner’s arms. [< Ar. bard’a = a saddle cloth] – Cf. previous 31 a dictionary of medieval terms and phrases Bard 3. Irish or Welsh poet.

Avenagium. The Latin word for a rent paid to a lord in oats. [< L avena = oats, straw] – Cf. next Avenary. The largest department of the king’s household, with a staff of between 100 and 200 grooms and valets. , and also those of visitors. [< L avena = oats, straw] – Cf. next Avener. The chief officer of the king’s stables; the officer in charge of 26 a dictionary of medieval terms and phrases provisioning the king’s horses. The Latin term was avenarius. [< L avena = oats, straw] – Cf. previous; Avenagium Aventail.

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