A Passing Power: An Examination of the Sources for the by Sigurdur Hafthorsson

By Sigurdur Hafthorsson

The learn is an intensive exam of either textual and archaeological resources for the heritage of the dominion of Aram-Damascus.

This state used to be an Aramean nation targeted round Damascus in Syria from ca. 1100 to 732 B.C. The textual assets for the learn are inscriptions in Aramaic, Neo-Assyrian inscriptions, and the outdated testomony. In previous reviews, archaeology has been little utilized in tracing this state. This examine provides an summary of excavations and surveys within the sector round Damascus and the Golan.

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Extra info for A Passing Power: An Examination of the Sources for the History of Aram-Damascus in the Second Half of the Ninth Century B.C

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A close look does not, however, reveal more differences between the fragments than within fragment A itself. See also Kottsieper 1998, 476, n. 4. 227 The standpoint of Ada Yardeni, according to Athas (2003, 176). 228 Athas 2003, 177. 229 Biran & Naveh 1995, 12. 230 Biran & Naveh 1993, 95-97. Note however, that we have earlier warned that palaeo graphic dating of Aramaic texts is difficult given the scarcity of inscriptions. In fact Biran & Naveh do not argue for their palaeographic dating; they simply refer to other ninth century inscriptions (seep.

243 Siran & Naveh 1995, 15-16. This was based on S. A):lituv's suggestion (1993, 246). g. ~ l-tO:J. For references, cf. DNWSI, 522. 244 See lines 3-4. Noll 1998, 17. 238 232 Biran&Naveh 1995,12-13. Biran & Naveh 1995, 12-14. g. Schniedewind 1996; Kitchen 1997, 30-31; Wesselius 1999, 173. 235 Becking 1996, 25-26 and No111998. Noll suggested the following reading in line 3: ':J171o. '7l7'1. :1[ ... l-t. 1:1', and translated it: "[My G]od went [to place X], and my king entered ... " (p. 16). 'My king' in both authors' opinion means Hadad.

He therefore saw Bar-Hadad, his son, as the author of the Tel Dan inscrip- 275 Wesselius 1999; 2001. Cf. Becking 1999. Ahituv 1993; Puech 1994, 233-241; Dijkstra 1994. 277 H~lpern 1994,68-74. 276 64 65 A PASSING POWER CHAPTER THREE: ARAMAIC TEXTS tion. 278 If we do not have the above mentioned kings of Israel and Judah as guides to when the stele was written and thereby its author, I agree with Athas that Bar-Hadad is as good a candidate as Hazael for the authorship of the inscription. 279 In addition, the Zakkur inscription and possibly the Assyrian texts give us a picture of an aggressive king, yet a king who is slowly losing power-not a victor.

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