By Anthony H. Cordesman
The Maghreb--Morocco, Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia--is a quarter overburdened by means of pointless army bills. regardless of chronic civil conflicts and militarized regimes in a couple of international locations within the area, there are literally few real exterior threats, and the military at the moment are principally used to keep up inner security.
A special country-by-country overview of the effectiveness of army forces, and their effect on local economics, indicates that the quarter is still a mosaic of conflicting nationwide goals, yet strategic targets were supplanted by means of inner conflicts, tensions, and politics. Declining army budgets are resulting in declining army power and strength, yet they belie the Maghreb's capability for armed clash and human affliction. although the Maghreb is a provider of oil and normal fuel, which typically guarantees the eye of the West, this tragedy of fingers will get little cognizance from the surface global. which means the customers for the zone are persisted wasteful army spending, and the ensuing damage to nationwide financial and political health.
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Extra info for A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb
22 show the number of medium quality and modern armored ﬁghting vehicles. Morocco has large holdings, but also has large numbers of different types that are difﬁcult to support. Algeria and Libya have large holdings, and reﬂect better standardization of equipment types, but also have large holdings of BMP-1s. The BMP-1 has proved to be more vulnerable than was initially estimated, and to have poor war ﬁghting ergonomics. 19 Total North African Medium Active Main Battle Tanks by Type in 2001 4 50 0 4 00 0 3 50 0 3 00 0 2 50 0 2 00 0 1 50 0 1 00 0 50 0 0 M1A1 Abrams M - 60A3 T -72 M - 60A1 M - 48A5 T -62 Rames I I T- 54/55 Morocco Algeria Libya Tunisia Egypt 240 300 224 - 350 145 54 30 555 1300 - 550 260 895 332 324 280 560 400 Source: Adapted by Anthony H.
1 130mm regt. ) Source: Adapted by Anthony H. Cordesman from the IISS, Military Balance, and Jane’s Sentinel, various editions. 29 North African Naval Ships in Active Inventory by Category in 2001 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Libya Tunisia Egypt Submarines Morocco 0 Algeria 2 2 0 4 Destroyers 0 0 0 0 1 Frigates 1 3 2 0 10 Corvettes 0 5 3 0 0 Missile Patrol 4 9 13 6 25 23 3 0 13 15 Mine 0 0 8 0 13 Amph 4 3 4 0 3 S u pp or t 4 3 9 2 9 Other Patrol Source: Adapted by Anthony H. Cordesman from the IISS, Military Balance, 2000-2001 and Jane’s Fighting Ships, various editions.
Nevertheless, Libya has far less manpower than Algeria and Morocco, and has only a ﬁfth of their total populations. CURRENT TRENDS IN MILITARY EXPENDITURES, ARMS IMPORTS, AND MILITARY ADVISORY EFFORTS During the 1980s and 1990s, military expenditures and arms imports in North Africa were driven by four key factors: the war in the former Spanish Sahara, the rivalry between Libya and its neighbors, the steadily declining regional impact of the Arab–Israeli conﬂict, and creeping proliferation. During that time much has changed.