An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction by Anatoly Liberman

By Anatoly Liberman

This paintings introduces well known linguistics pupil Anatoly Liberman’s entire dictionary and bibliography of the etymology of English phrases. The English etymological dictionaries released long ago declare to have solved the mysteries of notice origins even if these origins were greatly disputed. An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology against this, discusses the entire present derivations of English phrases and proposes the simplest one.   within the inaugural quantity, Liberman addresses fifty-five phrases normally brushed aside as being of unknown etymology. the various entries are one of the most ordinarily used phrases in English, together with guy, boy, lady, poultry, mind, comprehend, key, ever, and but. Others are slang: mooch, nudge, pimp, filch, gawk, and skedaddle. Many, reminiscent of beacon, oat, hemlock, ivy, and toad, have existed for hundreds of years, while a few have seemed extra lately, for instance, slang, kitty-corner, and Jeep. they're all united by way of their etymological obscurity.   This special source booklet discusses the most difficulties within the technique of etymological study and includes indexes of topics, names, and all the root phrases. every one access is a full-fledged article, laying off gentle for the 1st time at the resource of a few of the main largely disputed notice origins within the English language.   “Anatoly Liberman is among the best students within the box of English etymology. certainly his paintings could be an necessary instrument for the continuing revision of the etymological section of the entries within the Oxford English Dictionary.” —Bernhard Diensberg, OED advisor, French etymologies   Anatoly Liberman is professor of Germanic philology on the collage of Minnesota. He has released many works, together with sixteen books, such a lot lately note Origins . . . and the way we all know Them: Etymology for everybody.

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A noticeable distance separates Skeat’s ideas in 1910 and in 1882, and, as is well known, OED improved from letter to letter, though even the first fascicle was superb. It would be ideal to complete the dictionary, use the acquired wisdom for revising all the early entries, and only then publish the whole work. But in this case one would lose the much appreciated “feedback” and run the risk of leaving behind only a heap of rough drafts on one’s dying day. To ensure readability, abbreviations have been used sparingly in the book.

None of Scott’s regional forms (1892:182)—edge, eatch, eitch, eetch—appears in EDD; nor does EDD note the confusion of adz(e) and edge. Atch may have arisen after syncope, with /s/ > /tß/, as in sketch (HL, 810, where Sc its ‘adz’ is mentioned), but atch ‘adz’ is hard to distinguish from hatch ‘hatchet’ (a short-lived word; the earliest citation in OED goes back to 1704: hatch sb4; see also Fehr [1910:317]). The only form of adz(e) in EDD is nadge; mads, presumably from the mads < them ads, was recorded in Connecticut in 1893 (Scott 1893:108-9).

C. Segar’s cartoon rather than from the abbreviation G. P. (‘General Purpose’) Vehicle that marked the first jeeps. KEY (1000) The etymon of OE cæ@g ~ cæ@ge ~ cæ@ga was *kaig-jo-. ’ Words with the root *kai- followed by a consonant meaning ‘crooked, bent; twisted’ are common only in the North Germanic languages. It is therefore likely that *kaigjo- reached English and Frisian (the only language with a cognate of cæ@g: OFr ka@i) from Scandinavia. The *kaig- words interacted with synonyms having xl The Etymologies at a Glance the root kag-.

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