Andreas Vesalius Bruxellensis. The Bloodletting Letter of by John B. deC. M. O'Malley, Charles Donald Saunders

By John B. deC. M. O'Malley, Charles Donald Saunders

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Cuneus, Apologiae Putei examen, p. 8 5 1 ; Paraphrasis, "dedication"; Epistola Chynae, p. 1 5 1 and cf. p. 4 2 ; Vesalius, Anatomicarum Gabr. Falloppii observationum examen, in the opera omnia cited above, 11, pp. , hereafter cited as Falloppii examen-, and Johann Guinter of Andernach, cf. , "dedication" and Epistola Chynae, p. 177. W i t h these t w o teachers Vesalius was on intimate terms, cf. Guinter's remarks on Vesalius in the former's Institutionum anatomicarum libri (Basileae, 1 5 3 6 ) , pp.

Nedendi, L i b . v, cap. iii; Commentarium I in humoribus, sect, xiv, were introduced b y Hippocrates. A t the beginning of a disease, according to the humoral pathology, it was believed that there was a period of time during which the humours were still flowing to the site of the malady and it seemed logical that these, while in a state of "flux," might be drawn off b y bleeding at such a distance and position as to reverse their course. T h i s was known as revulsion. O n the other hand once the humour had settled in the part, thus producing inflammation or a "phlegmon," then the humour should be drawn off from as near the site of the disease as possible, taking care not to lead the noxious agent via the venous system through the more vital parts of the body.

Vi, cap. xx. 1 1 8 . " Cf. Liddell and Scott Greek lexicon, y\avK Αθήνα fa yXavK eis Άθήναί. Servetus uses the Latin form of this phrase in the dedication of his second edition of Ptolemy. 119. 16. 120. "Indeed, the precept of revulsion to a contrary direction is common in all such . . if a woman is suffering in the uterus or the region of the pudenda, you will not provoke the menses for her, but y o u will always produce revulsion at the parts which are most distant," Galen, Methodus medendi, L i b .

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