M1 Abrams vs T-72 Ural: Operation Desert Storm 1991 by Steven J. Zaloga, Jim Laurier

By Steven J. Zaloga, Jim Laurier

The Gulf battle bore witness to a couple of lethal encounters among those nice adversaries. seriously armored, hugely cellular and able to killing at over 2500m the M1 Abrams is, to at the present time, a veritable struggling with computer. stronger to either Iraq's Soviet period T-55 and T-62 tanks, approximately all assets declare that no Abrams tank has ever been destroyed through enemy fireplace. regardless of coming into provider in 1980, the M1 Abrams remained untested in strive against until eventually the Gulf battle in 1991, the place it used to be to be faced through its archenemy the Iraqi-assembled Soviet-designed T-72. coming into construction in 1971, the T-72 arguably outstripped its contemporaries in a stability of mobility, security and firepower. by the point of Operation wilderness typhoon , besides the fact that, the tables had became and the tank suffered as a result of low caliber ammunition and poorly educated crews. during this interesting learn, Steven Zaloga pits those nice struggling with machines opposed to each other, plotting the improvement of the chilly battle until eventually either tanks met in wrestle within the deserts of Iraq and Kuwait.

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Once through their specialist training, tankers were dispatched to their units where training continued, as the US Army fostered a system of ongoing training within the unit. Ft Knox also served as the venue for continued career training, with the Advanced NCO Course and Armor Officer Advanced Course. The growing technical proficiency of US tankers became evident in tangible ways. The NATO armies in Europe had traditionally held a Canadian Army Trophy gunnery contest, and US Army teams had not won the event for nearly two decades until an M1 Abrams team won in 1986.

If firing on a moving target, the gunner had to place the red laser circle over the target for a few seconds while tracking the target, which entered data about the amount of lead required. Once the range was entered, the gunner then had to place the target above the main aiming mark, the inverted “V” at the center of the main set of gradations, as shown here. This process was so complex, especially under the stress of combat, that Iraqi tankers were often instructed to “battle-sight” their guns, which meant entering a default set of range and ammunition data so that the gunner had only to place the aiming mark on target and fire.

Unlike the T-72M1, this data was automatically entered into the ballistic computer and the system made the appropriate gun elevation corrections. The small rectangle to the upper left of the laser range read-out is a “ready-tofire” symbol. An “F” symbol appeared on the opposite side in the event of a system malfunction. The line above the laser readout indicated multiple laser returns, which would be unlikely in this case and more commonly arose when attempting to determine range through trees or other obstructions.

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